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Conference Bukavu 2012 - Report in English

SHORT REPORT CONCERNING

THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THE GOVERNANCE OF COLLECTIVE NATURAL RESSOURCES IN THE POST-CONFLICTS REGIONS.

HELD IN BUKAVU FROM 6TH-8TH FEBR. 2012

  1. ONGS Organizations :

  1. Diobass from DRC

  2. ADISCO from BURUNDI


  1. THE AIMS OF THE CONFERENCE

The aims of the international conference in Bukavu were to analyze the results of research work at different places and countries on the Governance of collective natural resources in POST CONFLICT REGIONS.



3. OPPORTUNITIES:

The International Conference was successful in the publication of research results from different places and countries. Their aim was to develop one instrument which should be used as a reference to the management and governance of natural resources. So in many places and countries the following research work had been done:

  • Does the partnership in the management of natural resources bring benefits to local actors? Produced by guy Mercier, Cleto Ndikumagengo from PFBC

  • The theory and measuring of sub-national governance of the natural resources - some examples in post-conflict DRCongo. By Phil René Oyono from Rights and Resources

  • How to establish a Model Forest (new forest) in North Kivu with a participatory multi-actor approach for a strong and durable management of forests in a post-conflict zone. By DIAW chimene, Melie MONNERAT and MTANGALA from RAFM

  • From scientific observation to research action in South-Kivu : MUSA (Health Mutual) and MUSO (Solidarity Mutual). By Julie Van Damme, Ph D Student of the Bio-engineering Agronomy and environment faculty, Earth and Life Institute, Catholic Louvain (Louvanium University)

  • The dynamics of the governance of natural collective resources in Burundi. By Libère Bukobero (ADISCO) and AstèreBararwandika (Meatu)

  • The Social Capital and the Governance of natural resources in Bushi in the east of DRCongo in the post conflict period. By Jules Barhalengehwa Basimine

  • The participatory approach and biodiversity in the tropical forest in the Lac Tumba region in DRCongo. By Clane Halleux, N. Dondoncker, MC Huyner, F. Trolliet, P. Van Damme, A. Baerts, C. Fontaine, L. François, A. Hambuckers, RM Lafontaine, R. Beudels, Geography Dpt, NAMUR University Belgian.

  • Local conventions of management of natural resources according to Congolese law. By Paulin POLEPOLE

  • The development of rural entrepreneurship: instrument of the management of natural resources in central Afrique. By MANIRAKIZA Diomède (Burundi)

  • Congolese law on collective lands and the management of the natural resources in the post conflict phase, the example of Bushi in South Kivu, DRCongo. By Paulin Polepole, Jean CIZUNGU

  • The limits of the management of natural resources by the civil society in the context of the weakness of public administration: as a typical case the region of High Mountains of Uvira, South-Kivu DRCongo. By Jonas Mugabe.

  • The problems of the governance of the collective natural resources in the BINZA AND BUKOMA groupements in Bwisha territory at Rutshuru in North Kivu province. By Polepole Patient Environment et Development ISDR

  • The integrated management of soil fertility and durable management of natural resources. By SAMSON CIRHUZA (IFDC)

  • Farmers’ perceptions on cocoyam (colocasia esculent) production in the lake Victoria Basin in Uganda and their implications for cocoyam improvement.

  • The role of young people in advocacy and governance of natural resources in the context of a Green Economy: from victim to actor

  • Innovative partnership through a plan of joint activities as a strategy towards participation in the delimitation of Itombwe massive forest and the Bushema

  • Bush meat consumption in the Bafia region, Mbam and Inoubou division: socio-economic, sanitary and environmental impact. Preliminary appraisal by MEUTCHEYE Felix

  • The role of legal authorities in the management of conflict resources, theier Accountability and Conceptual shifts.

Many discussions on different subjects and different themes of research on the governance of natural resources took place. Among others, the experience of Cameroon people using a new technology in domesticating wild animals was discussed. In Burundi, people were able to improve the soil fertility, so the production of food and trees is developing positively. At some other places animals are kept in sheds and the animal production has improved.

In DRCongo many new forests are being established with the assistance of some international organisation such as BMZ/Germany, LHL Germany and PRIMAKLIMA. They are making efforts to fight the climate change by using the compensation of Co2 emitted by industries (factories) all over the world. Therefore in North Kivu a new system, a Model forest, is being developed using models from Canada and other places in which the New system has already been successful.

In Kenya, the young boys are now involved in the governance of natural resources.

Many other experiences of the governance of natural resources werde demonstrated such as in Belgium/Spa; in DRCongo/Bush with the new technology of improving the banana production MUSO (Mutuelle de Solidarité/Solidarity mutual) and MUSA (Mutuelle de Santé) (Health mutual); in Rwanda the use of anti-erosive methods at different places e.g. by planting trees. In some rural areas where a new technology in the governance and management of the natural resources was attempted, local populations did not agree with it. They don’t understand it. So there are misunderstandings between scientists and rural population regarding the new technology of governance and management of natural resources. So quite clearly local populations must be informed and trained in the first place.

Antonios (left) and the gouvernor of South Kivu

My opinion: In the post conflict period populations in rural areas must be prepared before offering them a new technology regarding the governance and management of natural resources.

The political authorities of DRCongo and Burundi participated permanently from the beginning up to the end of the international conference in Bukavu. I was impressed to meet many delegations from different countries all over the world.

My point-of-view is this: In order to make the governance and management of natural resources successful the following elements are very important :

  • Regular meetings of local populations and local leaders with local authorities. Open discussions on the governance and management of naturals resources

  • Training of how to improve food security and how to manage the forests which still exist.

  • Strong control and following up of meetings between local populations and local authorities.

  • Agreements on areas reserved for growing grass for the feeding of wild animals.


By Antonios Andrè Mikugo